Heart birth defects include atrial septal defect. It is the existence of a hole in the atria, the upper chamber of the heart. Such flaws will cause the blood vessels to be damaged and the blood flow to the lungs to increase. It will eventually result in excessive blood pressure and heart failure. Therefore, it is preferable to get therapy before things worsen.
Depending on where the hole in the atria is located, there are many types of atrial septal defects. Both open heart surgery and cardiac catheterization are popular treatments for atrial septal defects. There are numerous facilities in India that offer the best care for ventricular septal defect surgery as well as atrial septal defect treatment.
Treatment of ASD
Depending on the extent of the hole in the heart chamber, atrial septal abnormalities are treated differently. Each infant develops holes in the upper chambers of the heart during pregnancy, which close either at delivery or shortly thereafter. There is a possibility that a tiny imperfection will self-heal. But if you notice any symptoms, it is best to see a doctor. Regular heart examinations by experts with expertise in this area will determine whether or not the heart closes. It can even be found during pre-pregnancy screening exams, allowing for early intervention.
Atrial septal defect surgery can be done at the child’s age between 2 to 4 years. But in some cases, such a situation arises, that the treatment can only be done after 40 years. Although medication won’t treat an atrial septal defect, it will lessen the symptoms and slow the heartbeat. Heart surgery mostly uses two techniques.
Catheterization of the heart
The hole is sealed with a catheter as part of the cardiac catheterization procedure. A long, thin, flexible tube called a catheter is inserted into a sizable blood artery heading to the heart. The physician will manoeuvre the catheter till it reaches the heart with the aid of X-rays. The tool is used to thoroughly inspect the flaws, taking into account the size of the whole.
The doctor will use a tiny mesh umbrella-like device inside the catheter to close the hole. With that, the catheter will properly fill the hole. The closing cover will remain inside the heart indefinitely. They will firmly attach once the tissues in the heart around it have grown. The catheter is removed from the body after the entire procedure.
Cardiac catheterization is a simple procedure that does not require a chest incision. Compared to open heart surgery, it will only take a short while. As there are no more physical cuts in the chest following the procedure, the patient will recover fully. It is a better alternative for them because people won’t enjoy having a scar on their chest. The patient might choose between cardiac catheterization and open heart surgery because the cost is nearly the same for both procedures. Cardiac catheterization costs start at Rs 2.3 lakhs. There are many options for people from nations like Ghana to receive treatment in India because the country is well-known for its medical tourism and healthcare services.
Open Heart Surgery
In order to directly access the heart during open-heart surgery, a cut must be made through the chest wall. In this procedure, the chest is sliced open in order to patch the heart hole. For this, surgeons use a tiny patch of delicate material or tissues from another area of the body. The majority of the time, robotic assistance and minor incisions are used. In cases where the hole is minor, the surgeons will simply sew it shut. Only open-heart surgery can correct several atrial abnormalities, including premium, sinus venosus, and coronary sinus. After this procedure, the patient will need to rest for a number of days so that their body can heal. The price range for ASD closure surgery is between Rs 1.5 lakh and Rs 2.25 lakh.
Best facility for treating atrial septal defects
When compared to other nations, India offers atrial septal defects therapy at a low cost. Thus, everyone in the globe would be wise to seek medical attention in India. Foreigners can find the ideal hospital in India with the support of HBG medical assistance.
Congenital cardiac disease called atrial septal defect can cause heart failure if left untreated. You can learn more about the therapy for atrial septal defects from this article. The article mentions cardiac catheterization and open heart surgery as two popular forms of atrial septal defect treatment. Depending on the type of ASD they have, individuals can select any method. The cardiac catheterization option is preferable since it carries fewer risks than open heart surgery. Primum, sinus venosus, and coronary atrial abnormalities, however, can only be treated with open heart surgery, hence this approach is not appropriate for them.